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自学考试英语专业复习大纲(九)

来源:www.zsjyzk.com 作者:江西自考网 浏览量: 2018-02-02

自学考试英语专业复习大纲汇总>>>自学考试英语专业复习大纲(九)
以下是江西自考网为大家整理的自考英语专业《自学考试英语专业复习大纲(九)》,供您查阅:

词形变化( Word Form )应试技巧

1.熟练掌握动词词形变化规律。注意:动词形式既包括谓语动词的各种形式,如时态、语态及语气(直陈、虚拟)等,虚拟语气为重点,几年来的考题中都有这方面内容;也包括非谓语动词的各种形式。所以做动词的词形变化时,首先要搞清楚它在句中是谓语动词还是非谓语动词,然后再作相应的变化。

2.认真学好并熟悉课文。本题所选用的句子是根据教材中出现的句子编写的,其中多数来自课文,所以熟悉教材十分重要。

3.认真钻研相关的语法讲解。主要指谓语动词、非谓语动词、形容词、副词比较等级、情态动词、虚拟语气\形容词比较级、最高级,等部分。

动词:动词是考试的重点。主要包括:动词的时态、语态、语气和非谓语动词。

1)动词的时态:重点是动词的过去时、完成时。

So far, Irving ______(live) in New York City for ten years. has lived

Many a writer of newspaper articles_______(trun) to writing novels during the past decade. has turned

Some people think relations between people _______(deteriorate) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible . have deteriorated

Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what _______(happen) to her.

had happened

In the past two decades, research _____(expand) our knowledge about sleep and dreams . has expanded

2)动词的语态:主要掌握各个时态的被动式。

The nations that _______actively ________(involve) in earthquake prediction programs include Japan, Russia, and the United States. are involved

There __________(estimate) to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Brtain in 1995. were estimated

3)动词的语气:

A.掌握非真实条件句中,谓语动词在主句和条件句中的虚拟语气形式。

If you had come earlier, you ______ (not miss) the first act of the play.

would not have missed

If it hadn‘t been for your help, we _____(be) in real trouble.

would have been

B.在表示建议、命令、要求以及表示“重要性”和“紧迫性”等含义的主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句中,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,由“动词原形”或“should + 动词原形”构成。 should 常常省略

I would recommend that you _______(think) about doing something similar for yourself. (should) think

It was imperative that students ______(finish) their papers before July 1st.

(should) finish

C.动词wish 、would rather (sooner)、if only、as if 后的虚拟语气。

I would rather he _____(buy) the house next year.

bought ( 表示从句中动作尚未发生)

She treats me as if I ______ (be) a stranger. were

The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we _____( meet) them before.

had met

If only we ______(have) a phone! I‘m tired of waiting outside the public phone box.

D.in case , for fear that , lest 等词后从句的谓语动词为(should) + 原形。

He took his umbrella with him lest it _______ (rain.)

(should) rain

E.在It is (high) time that 从句中谓语动词一般用过去时动词。

It‘s high time that we _______(take) firm measures to protect our environment. took

F.时间错综条件句,动词的形式要根据表示的时间调整。

如果我们早动身,现在就不会在雨中走了。

If we had set out earlier,we wouldn‘t be walking in the rain.

(从句中动作发生在过去,主句中动作发生在现在。)

4)动词的非谓语动词形式:

A.动词不定式:主要考查动词不定式作定语、宾语、宾语或主语补足语等的用法。还要注意动词不定式的被动式与完成式。

不定式作定语:If there is no choice, there is no decision ______(make) to be made

不定式作宾语: Robots , already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning ________(see) . to be seen

不定式作宾补 I notice him _______( leave ) the classroom. leave (可省略to)

不定式作主补:They were often compelled ______(work) twelve or fourteen hours a day.

to work( 不可省略to)

We make them (to) work day and night. 不定式作宾语补语,在有些动词后可以省略TO

They are made to work day and night. 不定式作主语补语时,不可省略TO

B.分词:主要考查分词作定语、状语、宾语补足语的用法。注意现在分词与过去分词的区别。 另外,还有现在分词的被动式与完成式的形式。

分词作定语:Anyone ______(want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics. wanting

As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals _____(use) in experiments may decrease. used

分词作状语: When ______(present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems. presented

________ (tell) that some guests were coming , she shopped all morning in the supermarket. Having been told

Her body, with hands and feet _______(bind) , was discovered by a traveler early in the morning. bound

分词做宾补: They may have their passports ______(remove) , making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible. removed

动名词作宾语:If you cannot understand , ask: “ Would you mind ______(rephrase) the question , please ?” rephrasing

If we don‘t start out now, we must risk ______(miss) the train.

missing

形容词副词:

The more time you waste, the _____(easy) it is to continue wasting time.easier

As Jane was the _____(old) , she looked after the other children in the family. eldest

词性转换:

The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a _____(trick)situation .

trick是名词或动词,应把它变为形容词tricky

These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is _____(specialize) in its function.

specialize 是动词,应把它变为形容词 specific或 special

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