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2014年江西省自考学士学位英语考试真题(八)

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2014年江西学位英语考试真题汇总>>>江西学位英语考试真题(八)
以下是江西自考网为大家整理的学位英语《2014年江西学位英语考试真题(八)》,供您查阅:


Part III Cloze ( 10 points)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage,For each blank there are 4 choices markedA,B, C and D. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet One with a single line through the center.

Nowadays, air travel is very 41 .We are not surprised when we watch on TV that a politician has talked with French President in Paris and attended a meeting in Beijing on the same day.

However, if a person takes long-distance flying frequently, he can be so tired that he maybe feel his brain is in one country, his 42 in another.In a word, he 43 knows where he is.

When we fly from east to west or vice versa, the 44 we experience after taking along-distance flying is aggravated, because we cross time zones. According to doctors, air travelers, after crossing several time zones, are in no 45 to go to work, and they should go straight to bed 46 arrival.

As to airline pilots who often live by their own watches and ignore local time, there is no need for them to worry about their health although they sometimes have breakfast at midnight, because they are used to 47 and are physically fit.

Many businessmen like long-distance flights, thinking they are 48 to have been chosen and they are out for promotion.They are lucky.if the company follows the doctor's advice and allow them to rest for a day or two before working.However, sometimes the manager is so energetic that he believes everyone is 49 to be as fit as he is.Since he has never felt uncomfortable after flying himself, the work he assigns is so 50 that the employee is too exhausted to carry the work out satisfactorily.That is disastrous for the employee's health and the company's reputation.

41.A.ordinary

B.common

C.plain

D.usual

42. A. digestion

B. concentration

C. friends

D.life

43. A. almost

B. nearly

C. hardly

D. practically

44. A.weary

B. fatigue

C. tired

D. strain

45. A. status

B. state

C. situation

D. condition

46.A.in

B.when

C.after

D.on

47. A. fly

B. flying

C.live

D.lives

48. A. favored

B. flattened

C. flayed

D. flattered

49.A.likely

B.supposed

C.going

D.expected

50. A. demeaning

B. demanding

C. demonstrative

D. deplorable


Part III参考答案:

41.B【解析】ordinary“普通的,平凡的”,如an ordinary sort of day“平平常常的一天”;common“常见的,普遍的”,如a common mistake“常见的一个错误”:plain“平庸的,平凡的,相貌平平的”,如a plain woman“一个相貌平平的女人”;usual“惯常的”,如USUal exeuses“司空见惯的借口”。本句的意思是“现在,飞行很常见。”所以,本题选择B。

42.A【解析】digestion“消化、消化能力”;concentration“专心、集中”;friends“朋友”;life“生活”。本句谈论的是经常长途飞行带来问题,通读本句可知。下半句和上半句要形成对比,即所选的答应该和brain形成对比。选项B,C和D均不适合,digestion在处的意思是胃部的消化,和大脑正好形成对比。所以,本题选A。

43.C【解析】almost,nearly和practically的意思均是“几乎、差不多”;hardly的意思是“几乎不”。此句是对上一句的总结,意思是“总之,他几乎不知道自己在哪儿。”选项A,B和D均不适合。所以,本题选择C。

44.B【解析】weary“疲劳的,使疲劳”;fatigue“疲劳、劳累”;tired“困倦的、厌倦的”;strain“压力”。本句的意思是“长途飞行之后,我们感受到的疲劳,”选项A,C和D均不适合。所以,本题选择B。

45.D【解析】status“地位、职务、身份”;state“精神、感情、身体状况”;situation“情况、局面、地理位置”;condition“事物的状态、医学上指健康状况”。本句的意思是“医生认为,穿过几个时区之后,人的身体状况不适合工作,”由此可知,condition最适合。所以,本题选择D。

46.D【解析】本题考察的是介词on的用法。on有“就在…之后,一…就”的意思,本句的意思是“他们应该一下飞机,就直接去睡觉。”介词in没有这种用法。when做连词时,也有这种用法,但when后面应该接一个句子。介词after没有这种用法。所以,本题选择D。

47.B【解析】本题考察的是use的用法。used to do something表示“曾经做过某事”;be used to something or be used to doing something表示“习惯于、适应”。由上文的意思可知,本句的意思是“飞行员已习惯了飞行,”选项A,C和D均不适合。所以,本题选择B。

48.D【解析】favor“给食物调味、加昧”;flatten“打倒”;flay“毒打、严厉批评”;flatter“奉承、讨好”,be flattered“被奉承得高兴、感到荣幸”。本句的意思是“一些商人喜欢长途飞行,因自己被选中而感到荣幸,”选项A,B和C均不符合。所以,本题选择D。

49.B【解析】be likely to do something“可能做某事”。be supposed to do something“应该做某事”;be going to do something"将要做某事”;be expected to do something“预计会做某事、盼望做某事”。本句的意思是“但是,有时候经理精力很旺盛,而且他认为每个人都应该像他一样适应飞行。”选项A,C和D均不适合。所以,本题选择B。

50.B【解析】demeaning“降低身份的、失去尊严的”;demanding“(工作)要求高的、费力的”;demonstrative“感情外露的”;deplorable“糟透的、令人震惊的”。本句的意思是“经理分派的工作要求很高,”选项A,C和D均不适合。所以。本题选择B。

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